A curious mind is an active mind.
~ Oliver Burkeman

The Academic Year and Hours Per Grade

The Academic Year
Daily Homeschool Hours per Grade

Blue Flourish

The Academic Year

An academic year refers to the annual period during which a student attends school, college or university. There are 180 days of teaching each year in schools in the USA, excluding weekends and breaks, and 190 days for pupils in state in the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Canada, 200 days in South Africa, Brazil and the Phillipines.

The academic year can be divided up in various ways, two of which are the most common in North America:
* Three Trimesters
* Two Semesters
* Four Terms

Many homeschools design their schedule according to their local school district's schedule while others adapt it to fit the family's needs and their own preferences.

"Our homeschool year runs from January to December. The reason for this is purely practicality. It just makes more sense to us to conclude each school year and grade at the end of the calendar year, enjoy the holidays together as a family and then start the next school year fresh in January. Our school breaks also don't coincide with the local school district's breaks and holidays. We take time off when it is necessary and often school through the summer months. The warm summer months are great for educational field trips and outings while we like to spend the cold winter months taking time off from school for family time, snuggling by the fire, etc."
~ Beth (Homeschooling Mom of Three)


Daily Homeschool Hours per Grade

The amount of time spent per day on homeschooling depends on the child's age, abilities, learning style, attention span, etc. "School" need not occur all at one time, but can be spread out over the course of the day or evening. More time could be spent on certain days and less on others, example less "school time" when a trip to the pediatrician or grocery store is necessary. It is also important to allow for "free time" to explore interests and to facilitate imagination and creative abilities.

Below is a guideline of the typical Daily Homeschool Minutes and Hours spent on core educational skills like Reading, Language, Arts, Social Studies, Math and Science:

Daily Homeschool Hours per Grade

One-on-one Instruction
Total Time

Preschool and Kindergarten

30 Minutes 30-60 Minutes (divided in multiple 5-15 minute segments)
Grade 1-3 1 Hour 60-75 Minutes
Grade 4-5 1-1.5 Hours 75-90 Minutes
Grade 6-8 1.5-2 Hours 1-3 Hours
Grade 9-10 2+ Hours 2-4 Hours
Grade 11-12 2+ Hours 3-5 Hours


Some states may require a specific minimum hours of school per day. that exceed the above guideline.

"What every teacher and student knows is that “actual teaching time” is not the same as “school attendance” time. In school, “attendance time” includes: time for kids to settle in to class, checking attendance, checking homework, snack time, recess, lunch time, library time, study hall, sports time, special classes (art, music), changing classes, actual teaching time, waiting for students to be quiet and listen, clean up the classroom time, etc. etc. etc. Many schools today even show movies in history or other classes - sometimes movies that have very little to do with the subject they are teaching. They do group projects where the students work together while the teacher does something else."
~ Cindy Downes

"I have a friend who has 6 kids. They home schooled form the beginning.

Kindergarten they did 15 minutes a day for school.
Elementary school 30-45 minutes daily.
At 11 or 12 they started doing American School which is a high school program. They did it one class at a time, spending 1 hr per day and then they were free for their own projects.
At 14/15 they finished A.S. and started at their local CC.
By 17 they were all at B.Y.U. as transfer students. All except the youngest who has Asperger's Syndrome, he is18 and still at home.

If they can get into college at 17 yrs old with only 1 hr per day of a "REAL" High School program then do we have to worry?

No. I'd say, if one hr per day is NOT enough for you then I would just do it the Charlotte Mason way. Have them do 15-20 minutes per subject per day. Make it easy on yourself and them, buy them each a timer or get yourself a timer and set it for each subject. They read or do what they need to do until the timer goes off, then switch subjects. When they're done, they're done.

If you give them too much to read in each subject they're just going to lose interest, concentration and recall. If they want to continue reading after school is over in any of the books that would be their choice. I think they will retain what they WANT to read better than what they are forced to read.

RELAX. When you get that Public School mentality STOP, take 10 deep breaths, drink some water, go outside for a few and it will pass."
~ Katie





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